The geography of Madurai comprises of its location, altitude and area. This religious city falls within its namesake district, Madurai, and also acts as the district headquarters. The city of Madurai is situated on the banks of the river Vaigai. It is located between 9.93 North Longitude and 78.12 East Latitude and lies at an altitude of 330 feet or 101 meters above sea level. This religious town of Tamil Nadu stretches over an area of 22.6 square kilometres.
Famous for the Meenakshi temple, the city of Madurai is bordered by three hills. These hills are known as the Yanaimalai which mean an elephant, Nagamalai meaning snake and Pasumalai meaning cow.